Reversible reaction, Active mass, Chemical equilibrium, Law of mass action, Application of law of mass action on different equilibria, Equilibrium Constant and its characteristics, Relation between Kp and Kc, Factors affecting equilibrium constant, Le-Chetelier’s principle.
2. Chemical Kinetics
Rate of reaction, Collision Theory, Activation energy, Rate constant, Factors affecting rate constant, Temperature coefficient, Molecurity of reaction, order of reaction, Types of Order of Reaction-Zero, First, Pseudo-monomolecural reaction, reaction constant for first order reaction, Half life for first order reaction, Related Numericals.
3. Ionic Equilibrium
Electrolytes (Strong and weak), Arrhenius theory of electrolytic dissociation, Ostwald’s dilution law, Ionic Product of Water, Theory of Acids and bases(Arrhenius theory, Lewis concept, Bronsted and Lawry concept), Salts and their types, PH Value, Common Ion Effect, Solubility product, Applications of Common ion effect and solubility product, Salt hydrolysis, Buffer Solution(Acidic and Basic Buffer,), working of buffer solution Indicators- definition, characteristics, PH-Range, working of Phenolphthalein and methyl Orange-Ostwald’s theory and Quinoid Theory.
4. Dilute Solution
CONCENTRATION OF SOLUTION- g/l, %, Molarity, Molality, Normality and molar fraction, COLLIGATIVE PROPERTIES- Osmotic Pressure- semipermeable membrane, Osmosis, exo-osmosis, endosmosis, Osmotic pressure, Berkeley-Hartley method, Lowering of Vapour Pressure, Elevation of Boiling Point, Depression of Freezing point, Vont Hoff’s Factor.
Definition, Characteristics, Types- positive, negative, auto and induces catalysis, Homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis, Catalytic promoter and catalytic poison, Theory of Catalysis- Intermediate compound theory and Adsorption theory.
6. Distribution Law
Definition, Limitations, Nernst’s equation.
7. Colloidal State
Types of solution- True solution, Colloidal solution, suspension, Definition of Colloidal solution, characteristics of Colloidal solution, Types of Colloidal solution – Lyophilic and Lyophobic, Preparation of Colloidal solutions- dispersion methods(Colloidal mill, Bredig arc, Peptization), Condensation method, chemical methods(double decomposition,Hydrolysis, Oxidation, Reduction), Purification of Colloidal solution(simple and electro-Dialysis, Ultrafiltration), Properties of colloidal solution-Nature, Diffusibility, Effect of gravity, Surface tension, Visibility, Optical Properties(Tyndall effect), Kinetic Property(Brownian movement), Electrophoresis, Coagulation, Flocculation value, Proection and protective colloids, Gold Number, Application of Colloidal solution.
8. Thermodynamics and Thermochemistry
System(open, closed and isolated), Boundary, surroundins, Thermodynamic Processes(Isothermal, Adiabatic, Isochoric, Isobaric, Cyclic), Internal Energy, Enthalpy, First Law of thermodynamics, Applications of First law of dynamics, Heat of Reaction, Heat of Formation, Heat of combustion, Heat of Neutralization, Hess’s law of constant heat summation and it’s applications.
1. Purification of Organic Compounds
Crystallization, Sublimation, Distillation(simple, fractional, vacuum, steam distillation), chromatography.
2. Estimation of Organic compounds
Liebig’s method(C,H), Carius method(Cl,Br,I), Peria and schiff’s method(S,P), Duma and Kjeldahl”s method(N).
3. Determination of Empirical, Molecular and Structural formulae of Organic compounds
4. Classification and nomenclature of Organic Compounds
Structural Isomerism(chain, position, metamerism,functional, tautomerism, ring-chain isomerism), Stereo-Isomerism(Geometrical, Optical)
6. Mechanism of Organic reactions
General methods of preparation and general physical and chemical properties of Alkanes, Methane, Ethane(Only reactions for the purpose of what happens when and conversions)
General methods of preparation and general physical and chemical properties of Alkenes, Ethylene(Only reactions for the purpose of what happens when and conversions)
General methods of preparation and general physical and chemical properties of Alkynes, Acetylene(Only reactions for the purpose of what happens when and conversions)
Composition of petroleum, Purification of Petrol, Cracking, Synthetic Petrol(Fischer and Tropsch method, Bergius method, I.C.I method), Knocking, Ant-knocking agent, Octane Number, Flash Point, Petrochemicals .
11. Halogen Derivatives of Alkanes
General methods of preparation and general physical and chemical properties of Alkyl halides, Lab/Industrial Methods of C2H5Br and CHCl3 and their physical and chemical properties.
General methods of preparation and general physical and chemical properties of Alcohols, Lab/Industrial Methods of CH3OH, C2H5OH and Glycerol and their physical and chemical properties.
General methods of preparation and general physical and chemical properties of Ethers, Lab/Industrial Methods of C2H5OC2H5 and it’s physical and chemical properties.
14. Aldehydes and Ketones
General methods of preparation and general physical and chemical properties of Aldehydes and Ketones, Lab/Industrial Methods of HCHO, CH3CHO and CH3COCH3 and their physical and chemical properties.
15. Carboxylic Acid
General methods of preparation and general physical and chemical properties of Carboxylic acids, Lab/Industrial Methods of HCOOH and CH3COOH and their physical and chemical properties.
16. Derivatives of Monocarboxylic acid
ACETYL CHLORIDE, ETHYL ACETATE, ACETAMIDE, ACETIC ANHYDRIDE
17. Oils,Fats, Soaps and Waxes
19. Alkyl Amine
General methods of preparation and general physical and chemical properties of Primary amines, Lab/Industrial Methods of C2H5NH2 and It’s physical and chemical properties.
Glucose and Fructose (reactions)
Balanced Diet, Vitamins
22. AROMATIC CHEMISTRY
Lab/Industrial Methods of Preparation and physical and chemical properties of Followings- BENZENE, TOLUENE, CHLOROBENZENE, PHENOL, BENZALDEHYDE, BENZOIC ACID, NITROBENZENE, ANILINE.