Bachler of Science Syllabus Detail
Genius Mind Chemistry Classes Provide Quality Education For 12th UP BOARD & CBSE BOARD And Also Provide Preparation For Medical Or Engineering Entrance Examination for Chemistry .
B.SC III Year
Paper II CH-302 Organic Chemistry
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy.
Proton magnetic resonance (1H NMR) spectroscopy, nuclear shielding and deshielding, chemical shift and molecular structure, spin-spin splitting and coupling constants, areas of signals, interpretation of PMR spectra of simple organic molecules such as etyl bromide, ethanol, acetaldehyde, 1, 1, 2-tribromoethane, ethyl acetate, toluene and acetophenone. Problems pertaining to the structure elucidation of simple organic commpounds using UV, IR and PMR spectroscopic techniques.
II Organometallic Compounds
Organomagnesium compounds : Grignard reagents-formation, structure and chemical reactions.
Organozinc compounds: formation and chemical reactions.
Organolithium compounds: formation and chemical reactions.
III Organosulphur Compounds
Nomenclature, structural features, Methods of formation and chemical reactions of thiols, thioethers, sulphonic acids, sulphonamides and sulphaguanidine.
IV Heterocyclic Compounds
Introduction: Molecular orbital picture and aromatic characteristics of pyrrole, furan, thiophene and pyridine. Methods of synthesis and chemical reactions with particular
emphasis on the mechanism of electrophilic substitution. Mechanism of nucleophilic substitution reactions in pyridine derivatives. Comparison of basicity of pyridine, piperidine
Introduction to condensed five and six - membered heterocycles. Preparation and reactions of indole, quinoline and isoquinoline with special reference to Fisher indole synthesis, Skraup synthesis and Bischler-Napieralski synthesis. Mechanism of electrophilic substitution reactions of indole, quinoline and isoquinoline.
V Organic Synthesis via Enolates
Acidity of a - hydrogens, alkylation of diethyl malonate and ethyl acetoacetate. Synthesi of ethyl acetoacetate: the Claisen condensation. Keto-enol tautomerism of ethyl
Alkylation of 1, 3-dithianes. Alkylation and acylation of enamines
Classification and nomenclature. Monosaccharides, mechanism of osazone formation, interconversion of glucose and fructose, chain lengthening and chain shortening of
aldoses. Configuration of monosaccharides. Erythro and threo diastereomers. Conversion of glucose into mannose. Formation of glyosides, ethers and esters. Determination of ring
size of monosaccharies. Cyclic structure of D(+)- glucose. Mechanism of mutarotation.
Structures of ribose and deoxyribose.
An introduction to disaccharides (maltose, sucrose and lactose) and polysaccharides (starch and cellulose) without involving structure determination.
VII Amino Acids, Peptides, Proteins and Nucleic Acids
Classification, structure and stereochemistry of amino acids. Acid-base behavior, isoelectric point and electrophoresis. Preparation and reactions of ɑ-amino acids.
Structure and nomenclature of peptides and proteins. Classification of proteins. Peptide structure determination, end group analysis, selective hydrolysis of peptides. Classical
peptide synthesis, solid-phase peptide synthesis. Structures of peptides and proteins.
Levels of protein structure. Protein denaturation/renaturation.
Nucleic acids: introduction. Constituents of nucleic acids. Ribonucleosides and ribonucleotides. The double helical structure of DNA.
VIII Fats, Oils and Detergents
Natural fats, edible and industrial oils of vegetable origin, common fatty acids, glycerides, hydrogenation of unsaturated oils. Saponification value, iodine value, acid value. Soaps, synthetic detergents, alkyl and aryl sulphonats.
IX Synthetic Polymers
Addition or chain-growth polymerization. Free radical vinyl polymerization, ionic vinyl polymerization, Ziegler-Natta polymerization and vinyl polymers.
Condensation of step growth polymerization. Polyesters, polyamides, phenol formaldehyde resins, urea formaldehyde resins, epoxy resins and polyurethanes.
Natural and synthetic rubbers and useful trade terminology.
Miscellaneous polymer reactions and its technique.
X Synthetic Dyes
Colour and constitution (electronic concept). Classification of dyes. Chemistry and synthesis of Methyl orange, Cango red, Malachite green, Crystal violet, Phenolphthalein, Fluorescein, Alizarin and Indigo.