Bachler of Science Syllabus Detail
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B.SC I Year
Paper I - CH-101 Inorganic Chemistry
I Atomic Structure
Idea of de Broglie matter waves, Heisenberg uncertainty principle, atomic orbitals, Schrodinger wave equation, significance of y and y2, quantum numbers, radial and angular wave functions and probability distribution curves, shapes of s, p and d orbitals, Aufbau and Pauli exclusion principles, Hund's multiplicity rule, Electronic configurations of the elements, effective nuclear charge
II Periodic Properties
Atomic and ionic radii, ionization energy, electron affinity and electronegativity, definition, methods of determination or evaluation, trends in periodic table and applications in predicting and explaining the chemical behaviour.
III Chemical Bonding
(A) Covalent Bond - Valence bond theory and its limitations, directional characteristics of covalent bond, various types of hybridization and shapes of simple inorganic molecules
and ions, Valence shell electron pair repulsion (VSEPR) theory to NH3, H3O+, SF4, CIF3, ICI-2 and H2O. MO theory, homonuclear and heteronuclear (CO and NO) diatomic molecules,
multicenter bonding in electron deficient molecules, bond strength and bond energy, percentage ionic character from dipole moment and electronegativity difference.
(B) Ionic Solids - lonic structures, radius ratio effect and coordination number, limitation of radius ratio rule, lattice defects, semiconductors, lattice energy and Born-Haber cycle, solvation energy and solubility of ionic solids, polarizing power and polarisability of ions, Fajan's rule. Metallic bond-free electron, valence bond and band theories.
(C) Weak Interactions - Hydrogen bonding, Van der Waals forces
IV s-Block Elements
Comparative study, diagonal relationships, salient features of hydrides, solvation and complexation tendencies including their function in biosystems, and introduction to alkyls and aryls.
Comparative study (including diagonal relationship) of groups 13-17 elements, compounds like hydrides, oxides, oxyacids and halides of groups 13-16, hydrides of boron-diborane and higher boranes, borazine, borohydrides, fullerenes, carbides, fluorocarbons, silicates (structural principle), tetrasulphur tetranitride, basic properties of halogens, interhalogens and polyhalides.
VI Chemistry of Noble Gases
Chemical properties of the noble gases, chemistry of xenon, structure and bonding in xenon compounds.